お茶の水女子大学

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タイトル :ヒジュラ : ジェンダーと宗教の境界域
別言語のタイトル :Hijiras on the Boundaries of Gender and Religion
著者 :国弘, 暁子
別言語の著者 :KUNIHIRO, Akiko
発行日 :2005-3-14
抄録 :In India, hijras, who are neither men nor women, named in various traditional indigenous terms, have been represented as sexual deviants since the colonial period. From the late 1980’s onwards, they have been taken up and discussed in the literature of gender studies. One of the most debated issues is whether or not they represent the third sex/gender in a non-western society. Contrary to this trend of gender studies which concentrates on their bodies, this essay attempts to focus on their religious practices,in Gujarat,and to analyze their identity building as devotees of the Hindu Goddess. Through castration, they have transcended men’s gender status and become like women;however,this new gender identity cannot guarantee them the same status as women in Indian society.In short,they are standing on the boundary of gender. In the sacred sphere, which allows hijras to identify with the Hindu Goddess, the gender ambiguity of hijras may be acceptable and understandable for others. As devotees of Hindu Goddess, they are constantly practicing religious rites and constructing their identities in relation to others.As a result,the status of hijras temporarily rises and becomes central in the sacred sphere,like that of renouncers who detach themselves from worldly concerns.
資料種別 :紀要論文
URI :http://hdl.handle.net/10083/35604
NII書誌ID :AA11391754
公開者・出版者 :お茶の水女子大学ジェンダー研究センター
掲載雑誌 :ジェンダー研究 : お茶の水女子大学ジェンダー研究センター年報 Vol.8 p.31 -54
出現コレクション:ジェンダー研究